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Placido Domingo Lyle Lovett Vesko Eschkenazy


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Placido Domingo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, 2014-12-21.


Description: Plácido Domingo, 2008.jpg

Domingo speaks at the National Endowment for the Arts Opera Honors on October 31, 2008, in Washington, D.C.


(1941-01-21) January 21, 1941 (age 73)
Madrid, Spain






Tenor, conductor

Years active



Ana María Guerra Cué (1957—?)
Marta Domingo (1962–present)



José Plácido Domingo Embil (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈplaθiðo ðoˈmiŋɡo]; born 21 January 1941),[1] known as Plácido Domingo, is a Spanish tenor and conductor known for his versatile and strong voice, possessing a ringing and dramatic tone throughout its range. As of the end of 2013, he has sung 144 different roles.[2][3]

One of The Three Tenors, he has more recently taken on conducting opera and concert performances, and is the general director of the Los Angeles Opera in California.



Early years

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/Placidodomingo.jpg/150px-Placidodomingo.jpg

Plácido Domingo (1979)

Plácido Domingo was born on January 21, 1941 in the Retiro district[4] section of Madrid, Spain, and in 1949 moved to Mexico with his family, who ran a zarzuela company. He studied piano at first privately and later at the National Conservatory of Music in Mexico City.

In 1957, Domingo made his first professional appearance, performing with his mother in a concert at Mérida, Yucatán. He made his opera debut performing in Manuel Fernández Caballero's zarzuela, Gigantes y cabezudos, singing a baritone role. At that time, he was working with his parents' zarzuela company, taking baritone roles and as an accompanist for other singers. Among his first performances was a minor role in the first Mexican production of My Fair Lady where he was also the assistant conductor and assistant coach. The company gave 185 performances, which included a production of Lehár's The Merry Widow in which he performed alternately as either Camille or Danilo.

In 1959, Domingo auditioned for the Mexico National Opera as a baritone, but was then asked to sight-read some arias and lines in the tenor range. Finally he was accepted in the National Opera as a tenor comprimario and as a tutor for other singers. He provided backup vocals for Los Black Jeans in 1958, a rock-and-roll band led by César Costa. He studied piano and conducting, but made his stage debut acting in a minor role in 1959 (12 May) at the Teatro Degollado in Guadalajara as Pascual in Marina. It was followed by Borsa in Rigoletto (with Cornell MacNeil and Norman Treigle also in the cast), Padre Confessor (Dialogues of the Carmelites) and others.

He played piano for a ballet company to supplement his income as well as playing piano for a program on Mexico's newly founded cultural television station. The program consisted of excerpts from zarzuelas, operettas, operas, and musical comedies. He acted in a few small parts while at the theater in plays by Federico García Lorca, Luigi Pirandello, and Anton Chekhov.


In 1961, Domingo made his operatic debut in a leading role as Alfredo in La traviata at Monterrey (Maria Teresa Montoya theater) and, later in the same year, his debut in the United States with the Dallas Civic Opera, where he sang the role of Arturo in Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor opposite Joan Sutherland in the title role.

In 1962, he returned to Texas to sing the role of Edgardo in the same opera with Lily Pons at the Fort Worth Opera.[5] At the end of 1962, he signed a six-month contract with the Israel National Opera in Tel Aviv, but later extended the contract and stayed for two and a half years, singing 280 performances of 12 different roles.

In June 1965, after finishing his contract with Israel National Opera, Domingo went for an audition at the New York City Opera and scheduled to make his New York debut as Don Jose in Bizet's Carmen, but his debut came earlier when he was asked to fill in for an ailing tenor at the last minute in Puccini's Madama Butterfly. On June 17, 1965, Domingo made his New York debut as B. F. Pinkerton at the New York City Opera. In February 1966, he sang the title role in the U.S. premiere of Ginastera's Don Rodrigo at the New York City Opera, with much acclaim. The performance also marked the opening of the City Opera's new home at Lincoln Center.

His official debut at the Metropolitan Opera in New York occurred on 28 September 1968 when he substituted for Franco Corelli, in Cilea's Adriana Lecouvreur singing with Renata Tebaldi. Before Adriana Lecouvreur, he had sung in performances by the Metropolitan Opera at Lewisohn Stadium of Mascagni's Cavalleria rusticana and Leoncavallo's Pagliacci in 1966. Since then, he has opened the season at the Metropolitan Opera 21 times,[6] surpassing the previous record of Enrico Caruso by four. He made his debut at the Vienna State Opera in 1967; at the Lyric Opera of Chicago in 1968; at both La Scala and San Francisco Opera in 1969; at the Philadelphia Lyric Opera Company in 1970; and at Covent Garden in 1971. He has now sung at practically every other important opera house and festival worldwide. In 1971, he sang Mario Cavaradossi in Puccini's Tosca at the Metropolitan Opera, and continued to sing that part for many years, singing it, in fact, more than any other role.[7]

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Trovatore_6879_Michelides.jpg/250px-Trovatore_6879_Michelides.jpg

Francesco Meli and Plácido Domin­go in Il trovatore, Salzburg Festival 2014

In 1975, Domingo made his debut at the prestigious Salzburg festival, singing the title role in Don Carlos in an all-star-cast with Herbert von Karajan conducting. His partners on stage were Nicolai Ghiaurov (as Filippo II.), Piero Cappuccilli (as Marchese di Posa), Mirella Freni (as Elisabetta) and Christa Ludwig (as Principessa Eboli). Thereafter Domingo frequently returned to Salzburg, as well for a number of operas, as well for several concert performances. In 2014, he returned to sing Conte di Luna, the baritone role in Giuseppe Verdi's Il trovatore, next to Anna Netrebko as Leonora, Marie-Nicole Lemieux as Azucena and Francesco Meli as Manrico.

Domingo has also conducted opera — as early as October 7, 1973, La traviata at the New York City Opera with Patricia Brooks — and occasionally symphony orchestras as well. In 1981 Domingo gained considerable recognition outside of the opera world when he recorded the song "Perhaps Love" as a duet with the late American country/folk music singer John Denver. In 1987, he and Denver joined Julie Andrews for an Emmy Award-winning holiday television special, The Sound of Christmas, filmed in Salzburg, Austria.

On September 19, 1985, the biggest earthquake in Mexico's history devastated part of the Mexican capital. Domingo's aunt, uncle, his nephew and his nephew's young son were killed in the collapse of the Nuevo León apartment block in the Tlatelolco housing complex. Domingo himself labored to rescue survivors. During the next year, he performed benefit concerts for the victims and released an album of one of the events.

1990s – present

Throughout the 1990s and 2000s until today, Domingo has continued performing, singing many of the same roles, but adding new roles — among them the title roles in Wagner's Parsifal and Mozart's Idomeneo; Rossini's Il barbiere di Siviglia as Figaro; Wagner's Die Walküre as Siegmund; Lehár's The Merry Widow as Danilo; and Alfano's Cyrano de Bergerac as Cyrano. From the middle 1990s to early in 2008 alone, he added 38 new roles to his repertoire, covering opera in six different languages (English, Italian, French, German, Russian and Spanish). The latest was the Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, Tamerlano.

Giving him even greater international recognition outside of the world of opera, Domingo participated in The Three Tenors concert at the eve of the 1990 FIFA World Cup Final in Rome with José Carreras and Luciano Pavarotti. The event was originally conceived to raise money for the José Carreras International Leukemia Foundation and was later repeated a number of times, including at the three subsequent World Cup finals (1994 in Los Angeles, 1998 in Paris, and 2002 in Yokohama). Alone, Domingo again made an appearance at the final of the 2006 World Cup in Berlin, along with rising stars Anna Netrebko and Rolando Villazón. On 24 August 2008, Domingo performed a duet with Song Zuying, singing Ài de Huǒyàn (The Flame of Love) at the 2008 Summer Olympics closing ceremony in Beijing.[8][9][10] The Beijing Olympics was the second Olympics at which he performed; he sang the Olympic Hymn at the closing ceremonies of the Barcelona Olympics.[11] At the Olympic games that followed that, he would meet Sissel Kyrkjebø, who performed the Olympic Hymn at both the opening and closing ceremonies at those games.

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/0/07/Placido_Domingo%2C_Buenos_Aires_concert_2011.jpg/300px-Placido_Domingo%2C_Buenos_Aires_concert_2011.jpg

Domingo singing at a concert at the Obelisco in Buenos Aires in 2011.

Since 1990 Plácido Domingo has received many awards and honors for his achievement in the field of music and in recognition of his many benefit concerts and contributions to various charities.

In 2002, Domingo wrote "Himno del Centenario del Real Madrid". The song was presented live at the Bernabeu Stadium during celebrations of the football club Real Madrid's 100 years anniversary. The same year, he made a guest appearance on the song "Novus", the closing track on Santana's album Shaman.

During the visit of Pope Benedict XVI at Nationals Park and at the Italian embassy in Washington D.C. Domingo sang on 16 and 17 April 2008 while, on 15 March 2009, the Metropolitan Opera paid tribute to Domingo's 40th anniversary with the company with an on-stage gala dinner at the Met's 125th anniversary, commemorating his debut in Adriana Lecouvreur as Maurizio opposite Renata Tebaldi on 28 September 1968.[12]

On 29 August 2009, he sang Panis Angelicus at the funeral mass of Senator Ted Kennedy in the Basilica of Our Lady of Perpetual Help in Boston, Massachusetts.[13]

Ever a sympathetic colleague, in March 2011 he refused to sing in Buenos Aires until the city settled a bitter musicians strike at the Teatro Colón.[14]

Domingo sang Neptune in the Metropolitan Opera's world premiere performance of The Enchanted Island on 31 December 2011. A pastiche of Baroque opera with story and characters drawn from Shakespeare's The Tempest and A Midsummer Night's Dream, a performance of the production was telecast on PBS' Great Performances at the Met.

On 13 May 2012, Domingo performed during Real Madrid CF's season-ending celebrations, the team having won their 32nd league title. Domingo is a fan of Los Merengues.

Domingo as opera company director[edit]

Domingo began an affiliation with the Washington National Opera in 1986, when he appeared in its world premiere production of Menotti's Goya. This was followed by performances in a production of Tosca in the 1988/89 season. Beginning in the 1996/97 season, he took on the role of Artistic Director, bringing new life to the company's productions through his many connections to singers throughout the world and his own annual appearances in one role each season.[15] One example of his ability to bring new singers to the stage were those by the then up-and-coming Anna Netrebko as Gilda in Rigoletto during the 1999/2000 season. In 2003 Domingo became General Director and his contract was extended through the 2010-2011 season.

Parallel to Domingo's management of the Washington company, he had been Artistic Director of the Los Angeles Opera since 2000, assumed the position of General Director in 2003, and on 20 September 2010, he announced that he would renew his contract as General Director of that company through 2013,[16] A week later he announced that he would not renew his contract as General Director of the Washington National Opera beyond its June 2011 expiration date, and reaction to this included The Washington Post 's comments on his accomplishments:

Domingo's goal was to make the WNO an internationally regarded company. At the beginning of his tenure, he lifted the opera to a new level, bringing in more international stars and big-name productions - including José Carreras in Wolf-Ferrari's Sly, Mirella Freni singing opposite Domingo in Fedora, and Renée Fleming in Lucrezia Borgia. And his commitment to American opera meant that the WNO presented the second or third productions of a number of important works: Maw's Sophie's Choice, Bolcom's A View From the Bridge, Previn's A Streetcar Named Desire.[17]

Domingo attempted to quash criticism in East Coast newspapers that he was taking on too much when the singer gave an interview in the Los Angeles Times in which he stated, "When I rest, I rust".[18]

Taking on baritone roles

In what has been called his "final career move",[citation needed] Plácido Domingo announced on 25 January 2007 that in 2009 he would take on one of Verdi's most demanding baritone roles, singing the title role in Simon Boccanegra. However, he would not be giving up tenor roles.

The debut performance was at Berlin State Opera on 24 October, followed by 29 other performances during 2009/2010 at major opera houses around the world, including the Met and the Royal Opera House in London.[19]

Domingo has performed other baritone roles including the character of Rigoletto in Verdi's Rigoletto in August 2010 at Reignwood Theatre in Beijing. In March 2012, for the first time he sang the baritone role of the Cenobite monk Athanaël in Massenet's Thaïs, his 139th role. Again, in 2011 he undertook the role of Rigoletto in a live television broadcast in Europe which was shot in real locations in Mantua.

He appeared as Doge Foscari in Verdi's I due Foscari for the Los Angeles Opera in September 2012, a production directed by Thaddeus Strassberger, and again in Valencia in early 2013. In March 2013, at the Metropolitan Opera, he appeared for the first time as Giorgio Germont in Verdi's La Traviata.[20] He sang the title role of Verdi's Nabucco at Covent Garden in March/April 2013,[21][22] and since reprised it in St. Petersburg,[23] Beijing, and Verona.[24]

Family and personal life

He was born to Plácido Francisco Domingo Ferrer (8 March 1907 – 22 November 1987) [25] and Pepita Embil Echaníz (28 February 1918 – 28 September 1994),[26] two Spanish zarzuela stars who nurtured his early musical abilities. Domingo's father was half Aragonese and half Catalan, while his mother was a Basque. His father was a violinist performing for opera and zarzuela orchestra. He was a baritone and actively took roles in zarzuela; however, his promising singing career ended after he damaged his voice by singing while suffering from a cold. Domingo's mother was an established singer who made her zarzuela debut at the Gran Teatre del Liceu in Barcelona. She met her husband at age 21 while performing in Federico Moreno Torroba's Sor Navarra. In 1946 Moreno Torroba and Domingo's parents formed a zarzuela company and travelled frequently to Mexico. His parents later stayed permanently in Mexico and established their own zarzuela troupe, the Domingo-Embil Company.[27] In addition to their son, they also have a daughter, Maria José Domingo de Fernandez.

On 29 August 1957 at age 16, Plácido Domingo married a fellow piano student, Ana María Guerra Cué (1938–2006) and his first son, José Plácido Domingo Guerra (Pepe), now a photographer,[28] was born on 16 June 1958.[29] However, the marriage did not last long, with the couple separating shortly thereafter. On 1 August 1962, Domingo married Marta Ornelas (born 1935), a lyric soprano from Veracruz, Mexico, whom he met during his conservatory days.[30] In the same year, Marta had been voted "Mexican Singer of the Year", but she gave up her promising career to devote her time to her family. They have two sons, Plácido Francisco (Plácido Jr.), born 21 October 1965, and Alvaro Maurizio, born 11 October 1968.[31]

After a period of time living in Israel, Domingo and his family moved to Teaneck, New Jersey. [32][33][34] During vacations, he usually spends his time with family in their vacation home in Acapulco, Mexico.[35][36]

In March 2010 he underwent surgery for colon cancer.[37] In July 2013, he was admitted to a hospital in Madrid after suffering a pulmonary embolism.[38] He was released on July 14, and was "expected to make a full recovery".[39]

Domingo, who had a special friendship with Gustav Klimt Heiress Maria Altmann, is the subject of a handful of amusing anecdotes featured in Gregor Collins' book The Accidental Caregiver: How I Met, Loved and Lost Legendary Holocaust Refugee Maria Altmann.[40]


See also: Plácido Domingo discography

Domingo has made well over 100 recordings, most of which are full-length operas, often recording the same role more than once. Among these recordings is a boxed set of every tenor aria Verdi ever wrote, including several rarely performed versions, in different languages from the original operas, which Verdi wrote for specific performances.

In August 2005, EMI Classics released a new studio recording of Richard Wagner's Tristan und Isolde in which Domingo sings the title role of Tristan. A review of this recording, headlined "Vocal perfections", that appeared in the 8 August 2005 issue of The Economist begins with the word "Monumental" and ends with the words, "a musical lyricism and a sexual passion that make the cost and the effort entirely worthwhile". It characterized his July 2005 performance of Siegmund in Wagner's Die Walküre at Covent Garden as "unforgettable" and "luminous". The review also remarks that Domingo is still taking on roles that he has not previously performed.

Recordings that were released in 2006 include studio recordings of Puccini's Edgar, Isaac Albéniz's Pepita Jiménez, as well as a selection of Italian and Neapolitan songs, titled Italia ti amo (all three with Deutsche Grammophon). Domingo appeared as the star act in the New Orleans Opera Association's A Night For New Orleans with Frederica von Stade and Elizabeth Futral, in March 2006. The concert was to raise funds for the rebuilding of the city. In September 2011, aged 70, he signed an exclusive record contract with Sony Classics.[41]

Appearances on film and television

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/58/Placido_Domingo_2009.jpg/220px-Placido_Domingo_2009.jpg

Domingo at the 81st Academy Awards

See Domingo's opera recording in DVD/VHS format and audio CD format.

Domingo has appeared in numerous opera films, among them are Jean-Pierre Ponnelle's Madama Butterfly; Gianfranco de Bosio's Tosca with Raina Kabaivanska; Giuseppe Patroni Griffi's Tosca with Catherine Malfitano (Emmy Award);[42] Franco Zeffirelli's Cavalleria rusticana & Pagliacci — all made for television — and, for theatrical release, Francesco Rosi's Carmen (Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording); Zeffirelli's Otello with Katia Ricciarelli; and Zeffirelli's La traviata (with Teresa Stratas, which received a Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording).

His singing voice was heard performing the song "In Pace", during the closing credits of Kenneth Branagh's Hamlet (1996).

He has also appeared on television in the 1978 La Scala production of Puccini's Manon Lescaut which marked the Scala debut of Hungarian soprano Sylvia Sass, as well in zarzuela evenings, and Live at the Met telecasts and broadcasts. In 2007, Domingo had a cameo role in The Simpsons episode "Homer of Seville", which revolves around Homer Simpson becoming an opera singer. In his cameo, Domingo sang briefly. Domingo appeared on The Cosby Show Season 5 as Alberto Santiago, a colleague of Dr. Cliff Huxtable.

In 1989, the international television series 'Return Journey' featured Domingo returning to his home city of Madrid reflecting life there whilst recording an album of Zarzuela arias for EMI. The film was directed by Ken MacGregor.

Domingo is the executive producer of the critically acclaimed 1998 Mexican film The Other Conquest, produced by his son Alvaro and directed by Salvador Carrasco, in which Domingo also performs the original aria "Mater Aeterna", composed by Samuel Zyman with lyrics by Carrasco.

In 2008, Domingo provided the voice of the long-haired Chihuahua named Montezuma in Disney's Beverly Hills Chihuahua. He will appear as Manolo's great-grandfather in the film The Book of Life.

Christmas in Vienna

Further information: Christmas in Vienna (album), Christmas in Vienna II, Christmas in Vienna III and Christmas in Vienna VI

In 1990, the idea for a Christmas-themed concert, involving the collaboration of Domingo, fellow operatic tenor and friend José Carreras, and pop music legend Diana Ross was first brought up. Vienna was chosen in 1992 to host the event due to its reputation as a capital of music and the particular charm of Austria during Christmas time. The Wiener Symphoniker under the direction of maestro Vjekoslav Šutej provided the orchestral music, and the Gumpoldskirchen Children's Choir provided choral vocals. On 23 December 1992, the first in what would turn out to be a series of Christmas in Vienna concerts was seen worldwide by several hundred million people. Plácido Domingo returned to Vienna for many more Christmas in Vienna concerts, performing with stars and friends of both pop and classical music, including Dionne Warwick, Charles Aznavour, Sissel Kyrkjebø, Michael Bolton, Sarah Brightman, Charlotte Church, Natalie Cole, Riccardo Cocciante, Patricia Kaas, Luciano Pavarotti, Tony Bennett and others.

Complete repertoire

Main article: Repertoire of Plácido Domingo

Domingo has sung 144 roles in Italian, French, German, English, Spanish and Russian.[43] His main repertoire however is Italian (Otello; Cavaradossi in Tosca; Don Carlo; Des Grieux in Manon Lescaut; Dick Johnson in La fanciulla del West; Radames in Aida); French (Faust; Werther; Don José in Carmen; Samson in Samson and Delilah); and German (Lohengrin, Parsifal, and Siegmund in Die Walküre). He continues to add more roles to his repertoire, most recently performing as Francesco Foscari in the early Verdi opera The Two Foscari in September–October 2012.

Additionally, Domingo has created several new roles in modern operas, such as the title role in Tan Dun's opera The First Emperor at the Metropolitan Opera. In September 2010, he created the role of the poet Pablo Neruda in the world première of Daniel Catán's opera based on the film Il Postino at Los Angeles Opera. [44] During the 2011-2012 season at the Met he created the role of Neptune in the original baroque pastiche The Enchanted Island conducted by William Christie with a libretto by Jeremy Sams.

Awards and honors

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Plácido Domingo

Domingo won his first Grammy Award in 1971 and has gone on to win eight more, as well as three Latin Grammy awards including an award for Latin Recording Academy Person of the Year.[45] A Kammersänger of the Vienna State Opera and the recipient of numerous honorary doctorates, he has received other major awards that include being made an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2002. He has also received the Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class (1992);[46] Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver for Services to the Republic of Austria (2007);[47] Commander of the French Légion d'honneur; Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle; Spanish Prince of Asturias Award for Arts (1991); the United States Presidential Medal of Freedom; and in 2011, a Medal of Honour from Sultan Qaboos bin Said of Oman.[48] The first Birgit Nilsson Prize was awarded to him in 2009. In 2012, Domingo was voted into Gramophone's first Hall of Fame.[49]









My First Forty Years

Alfred A. Knopf

ISBN 0-394-52329-6


Plácido Domingo


Opera 101: A Complete Guide to
Learning and Loving Opera


ISBN 0-7868-8025-2


Fred Plotkin,
Plácido Domingo (intro)


Christmas With Plácido Domingo:
Trumpets Sound And Angels Sing

Alfred Publishing Company

ISBN 0-89524-321-0


Plácido Domingo,
Milton Okun (editor)


Bajo el cielo español
(Under the Spanish Sky)

Warner Brothers Publications

ISBN 0-7692-0024-9


Plácido Domingo (Recorder),
Carol Cuellar (Compiler)


Plácido Domingo — Por Amor

Hal Leonard Corporation

ISBN 0-7119-7258-3


Plácido Domingo


Plácido Domingo (Great Voices Series):
My Operatic Roles

Baskerville Publishers, Incorporated

ISBN 1-880909-61-8


Helena Matheopoulos,
Plácido Domingo


Leoncavallo: Life and Works

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc

ISBN 0-8108-5873-8
ISBN 0-8108-5880-0


Konrad Claude Dryden,
Plácido Domingo (intro)


So When Does the Fat Lady Sing?

Hal Leonard Corporation

ISBN 1-57467-162-6


Michael Walsh,
Plácido Domingo (intro)

Humanitarian works and initiatives

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b4/Statue_of_Placido_Domingo_in_Mexico_City.jpg/200px-Statue_of_Placido_Domingo_in_Mexico_City.jpg

A statue in Mexico City as a recognition to his contributions to 1985 Mexico City earthquake victims and his artistic works

  • In June 2010 Domingo became President of Europa Nostra, the Voice of Cultural Heritage in Europe
  • On 4 March 2006, Domingo sang at the Gala Benefit Concert, "A Night For New Orleans" at the New Orleans Arena to help rebuilding the city after it was hit by Hurricane Katrina. At the gala, he made a statement: "If music be the food of love", then "MUSIC IS THE VOICE OF HOPE!" .[50] On 23 March 2008, the New Orleans City Council named the city theatre's stage in the Mahalia Jackson Theatre in Louis Armstrong Park, the "Plácido Domingo stage" as the honour for his contribution at the Gala Benefits Concert. The Gala collected $700,000 for the city recovery fund.[51]
  • In 1986, he performed at benefit concerts to raise funds for the victims of 1985 Mexico City earthquake and released an album of one of the events. On 21 August 2007, as recognition to his support to 1985 Mexico City earthquake victims as well as his artistic works, a statue in his honor, made in Mexico City from keys donated by the people, was unveiled. The statue is the work of Alejandra Zúñiga, is two meters tall, weighs about 300 kg (660 lbs) and is part of the "Grandes valores" (Great values) program.[52][53]
  • Domingo supports the Hear the World initiative as an ambassador to raise awareness for the topic of hearing and hearing loss.[54]
  • In 1993 he founded Operalia, The World Opera Competition, an international opera competition for talented young singers. The winners get the opportunities of being employed in opera ensembles around the world.[55] Domingo has been instrumental in giving many young artists encouragement, (and special attention) as in 2001, when he invited New York tenor, Daniel Rodríguez to attend the Vilar/Domingo Young Artists program to further develop his operatic skills.
  • On 21 December 2003, Domingo made a performance in Cancún to benefit the Ciudad de la Alegria Foundation, the foundation that provides assistance and lodging to people in need, including low-income individuals, orphans, expectant mothers, immigrants, rehabilitated legal offenders, and the terminally ill.[56]
  • On 27 June 2007, Domingo and Katherine Jenkins performed in a charity concert in Athens to raise funds to aid the conflict in Darfur. The concert was organized by Medecins Sans Frontieres/Doctors Without Borders.
  • In 2 October 2007, Domingo joined several other preeminent figures in entertainment, government, the environment and more, as one of the users of the BMW Hydrogen 7, designed to build support for hydrogen as a viable alternative to fossil fuels.[57]
  • In May 2011 he was invited by president Sepp Blatter to help clean up the football governing body, FIFA, which had been accused of taking bribes from countries that wanted to stage the World Cup.[59]

See also



    1. Jump up ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopedia of World Biography, Thomson Gale, 2006, The Concise Grove Dictionary of Music, Oxford University Press, 1994, Warrack, J. and West, E. The Oxford Dictionary of Opera, OUP, 1992 all give the year of birth as 1941.
    2. Jump up ^ Swed, Mark (September 16, 2012). "Review: 'The Two Foscari' and Plácido Domingo rise to the occasion". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 September 2012. 
    3. Jump up ^ Blum, Ronald (September 16, 2012). "Domingo in Verdi rarity 'I Due Foscari' in LA". Associated Press. Retrieved 19 September 2012. 
    4. Jump up ^ Plácido Domingo: “Nací a diez minutos del Real, en la calle Ibiza” (spanish)
    5. Jump up ^ American Masters
    6. Jump up ^ "Metropolitan Opera International Radio Broadcast Information Center: 2007–08 Broadcasts"
    7. Jump up ^ PBS, American Masters: Plácido Domingo
    8. Jump up ^ Curtain closes on unforgettable Beijing Games
    9. Jump up ^ Domingo and Chinese singer Song perform together at Beijing Olympics closing
    10. Jump up ^ Beijing 2008: Singers Domingo and Song perform
    11. Jump up ^ Placido Domingo - Olimpic Closing Ceremony Barcelona 1992 on YouTube
    12. Jump up ^ Domingo's 40th Anniversary with The MET
    13. Jump up ^ James Rowley and Alison Fitzgerald, "Nation’s Political Elite Gathers for Kennedy Farewell", Bloomberg News, 29 August 2009. Accessed 29 August 2009.
    14. Jump up ^ Breaking: Domingo refuses to sing until Buenos Aires settles musicians strike. Artsjournal.com (2011-03-24). Retrieved on 2012-05-10.
    15. Jump up ^ Phillips-Matz, p. 53
    16. Jump up ^ David Ng and Mike Boehm (20 September 2010). "Plácido Domingo renews contract with L.A. Opera through 2013". L.A. Times. Retrieved 13 November 2010. 
    17. Jump up ^ Anne Midgette, "Domingo will not renew D.C. opera contract", The Washington Post, 28 September 2010
    18. Jump up ^ Reed Johnson, "Plácido Domingo's juggling act: The superstar rejects recent suggestions that his busy life is affecting L.A. Opera and his other commitments" The Los Angeles Times, 21 February 2010
    19. Jump up ^ Domingo's performance calendar
    20. Jump up ^ Metropolitan Opera, 14 March 2013, performance information (PDF)
    21. Jump up ^ Hugo Shirley, "Plácido Domingo's Operalia Winners", Opera, London, September 2012, pp. 1153 - 1154.
    22. Jump up ^ Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Nabucco production 2013
    23. Jump up ^ Mariinsky Theatre, 4 May 2013, performance information
    24. Jump up ^ Arena di Verona, 4 July 2013, performance information
    25. Jump up ^ "Placido Domingo Ferrer, Baritone, 80", (obit.) The New York Times, 26 November 1987
    26. Jump up ^ "Pepita Embil Domingo; Soprano and Tenor's Mother, 76" (obit.), The New York Times, 1 September 1994
    27. Jump up ^ Domingo biography at bookrags.com
    28. Jump up ^ Expone fotografías José Plácido Domingo, hijo del tenor, en la Ciudad de México. Educacioncontracorriente.org. Retrieved on 2013-02-05.
    29. Jump up ^ His son José from first marriage
    30. Jump up ^ Date of marriage
    31. Jump up ^ His two sons with Marta Ornelas
    32. Jump up ^ Matheopoulos; with Domingo 2003, p. 16
    33. Jump up ^ "Domingo: Iron man of opera", The Cincinnati Post, 23 September 1998. Accessed 7 August 2007. "Domingo vividly recalls his Met debut — four days earlier than planned. His parents were visiting him and his wife, Marta, in Teaneck, N.J., and they'd just sat down to dinner when the phone rang and Rudolf Bing's voice inquired, 'How are you feeling, Placido?'"
    34. Jump up ^ Dobnik, Verena via Associated Press. "The Three Tenors return in drag for Domingo", Newsday, 28 September 2008. Accessed 29 September 2008. "Of Domingo's 126 career roles, he sang 45 at the Met since his debut on 28 September 1968. On that night, he drove himself from home in Teaneck, N.J., warming up in the car at the top of his lungs while a nearby motorist laughed. I asked him, 'Where are you going?', and he said, 'the Met'. And I said, 'Don't laugh, you are going to be hearing me.'"
    35. Jump up ^ Home in Acapulco from his biography by Helena Matheopoulos
    36. Jump up ^ Vacation home in Acapulco from Aarp.org
    37. Jump up ^ Adams, Stephen (8 March 2010). "Placido Domingo has colon cancer surgery". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
    38. Jump up ^ Talbott, Chris (9 July 2013). "Placido Domingo In Hospital: Opera Singer Suffers Embolism In Spain". The Huffington Post (Nashville). 
    39. Jump up ^ Gelt, Jessica (14 July 2013). "Placido Domingo in high spirits after release from hospital". L.A. Times. 
    40. Jump up ^ http://www.amazon.com/The-Accidental-Caregiver-Legendary-Holocaust-ebook/dp/B0092GS96K
    41. Jump up ^ Norman Lebrecht, "Now he’s a baritone, he’s got a new record contract". Artsjournal.com, 22 September 2011. Retrieved on 10 May 2012.
    42. Jump up ^ Emmy award 1993
    43. Jump up ^ Repertoire list
    44. Jump up ^ "About Us: Plácido Domingo" (Domingo's page on LA Opera's website), laopera.com. Retrieved 1 July 2013
    45. Jump up ^ "Placido Domingo to be Honored as the 2010 Latin Recording Academy Person of the Year" (Press release). Latin Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences. September 14, 2010. Retrieved November 8, 2010. 
    46. Jump up ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 930. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
    47. Jump up ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 1826. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
    48. Jump up ^ HM confers medals of honour on opera director, conductor | Oman Observer. Main.omanobserver.om. Retrieved on 2012-05-10.
    49. Jump up ^ "Plácido Domingo (tenor, conductor and administrator)". Gramophone. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
    50. Jump up ^ "A Night for New Orleans with Placido Domingo", 4 March 2006. prnewswire.com. Retrieved 1 July 2013
    51. Jump up ^ Bruce Eggler, "Local staged named for opera singer Placido Domingo", The Times-Picayune, 23 March 2008. Retrieved 1 July 2013
    52. Jump up ^ "México rinde homenaje a Plácido Domingo con una estatua de bronce" (In Spanish), El Pais, 21 August 2007. elpais.com. Retrieved 1 July 2013
    53. Jump up ^ "Awards" on Plácido Domingo's website
    54. Jump up ^ Hear the World website on hear-the-world.com. Retrieved 30 June 2013
    55. Jump up ^ Domingo describes his Operalia program. operaliacompetition.org. Retrieved 1 July 2013
    56. Jump up ^ Performance in Cancún to benefit the Ciudad de la Alegria Foundation
    57. Jump up ^ Received BMW Hydrogen 7
    58. Jump up ^ Theodore P. Mahne, "Star Emcee Patricia Clarkson Shares in the Excitement over Tonight's Opera Gala" in Times-Picayune (New Orleans), 2009 January 17, pp. C1, C3.
    59. Jump up ^ Say no, Placido!. Artsjournal.com, 7 June 2011 Retrieved on 10 May 2012


External links[edit]

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Biography, Interviews and Profiles


Lyle Lovett  (750)
Oil on canvas
48 x 73 cm

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Lyle Lovett

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, 2014-12-21.


Description: LyleLovett.jpg

Lovett in a 2005 concert

Background information

Birth name

Lyle Pearce Lovett


(1957-11-01) November 1, 1957 (age 57)


Klein, Texas (USA)


Texas country, Americana, alt-country, bluegrass, western swing, country folk, country pop, country rock


Singer, songwriter, record producer, actor

Years active



Lost Highway/Curb

Associated acts

Randy Newman, John Hiatt, Joe Ely, Guy Clark, Los Super Seven



Lyle Pearce Lovett (born November 1, 1957)[1] is an American country singer-songwriter and actor. Active since 1980, he has recorded thirteen albums and released 21 singles to date, including his highest entry, the number 10 chart hit on the U.S. Billboard Hot Country Songs chart, "Cowboy Man". Lovett has won four Grammy Awards, including Best Male Country Vocal Performance and Best Country Album. It's Not Big It's Large was released in 2007, where it debuted and peaked at number 2 on the Top Country Albums chart. A new studio album, Natural Forces, was released on October 20, 2009 by Lost Highway Records. The last studio album on his Curb Records contract, Release Me, was released in February 2012.




Early life

Lovett was born in Houston, Texas,[2][3][4] when his family lived in the nearby community of Klein. He is the son of William Pearce and Bernell Louise (née Klein) Lovett, a marketing executive and training specialist, respectively. He was raised in the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod.[5] Lovett attended Texas A&M University, where he received Bachelor of Arts degrees in both German and Journalism in 1980. It is a common misconception that Lyle and Robert Earl Keen were roommates at A&M. They were not. However, they lived near each other in College Station, became good friends, and wrote "The Front Porch Song" together, which both went on to record.


Lovett's music career began as a songwriter, but he soon signed with MCA Records in 1986 and released his eponymous debut album. While typically associated with the country genre, Lovett's compositions often incorporate folk, swing, blues, jazz and gospel music as well as more traditional country & Western styling. He has won four Grammy Awards, including Best Country Album (1996 for The Road to Ensenada), Best Country Duo/Group with Vocal (1994 for "Blues For Dixie" with the Texas swing group Asleep at the Wheel), Best Pop Vocal Collaboration (1994 for "Funny How Time Slips Away" with Al Green) and Best Country Male Vocal (1989) for Lyle Lovett and His Large Band).

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c3/Lylelovett2-fls.jpg/220px-Lylelovett2-fls.jpg

Lyle Lovett performing on the Watson Stage at MerleFest in 2011, Wilkes County, N.C. Photo by Forrest L. Smith, III

Lovett has acted in a number of films, including Robert Altman's films: The Player (1992), Short Cuts (1993), Prêt-à-Porter (1994), Cookie's Fortune (1999), and composed for Dr. T & the Women (2000). More recently, he has acted in The New Guy (2002) and Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story (2007). His television acting forays include Mad About You, Brothers & Sisters, The Bridge, Castle, and Dharma & Greg. The Bloodhound Gang's song "The Bad Touch" does a reference to Lovett: "And you'll Lovett just like Lyle". Lovett was given an award called an "Esky" for Surest Thing in Esquire's 2006 Esky Music Awards in the April issue. The magazine said of Lovett: "The secret of Lyle Lovett's endurance comes down to the three C's: class, charisma and consistency... In the studio and on stage with his giant orchestra, he's spent two decades gracefully matching genuine songcraft with A-list musicianship".

Lovett primarily plays Collings acoustic guitars.[6]

In 2010 Lovett appeared on an episode of Spectacle: Elvis Costello with... which also featured John Prine and Ray LaMontagne. He appeared on Castle in Season 3, Episode 9 in the role of a government agent.

In 2011, Lovett was named Texas State Artist Musician by the Texas Commission on the Arts. [7]

Lovett contributed a cover of Buddy Holly's "Well... All Right" for the tribute album Listen to Me: Buddy Holly, released on September 6, 2011.

In 2013 Lovett appeared in Episode 2 of The Bridge, an FX series, as Flagman, a lawyer.

Personal life

Lovett's personal life was brought to the fore in 1993 when he married actress Julia Roberts. The couple had met on the set of The Player in 1992. After a three-week romance, they eloped and married in June 1993 in Marion, Indiana. The couple divorced less than two years later, in March 1995. People magazine reported that the breakup was caused by career demands.[8] The two remained friends afterwards.[9]

Lovett became engaged to his former personal assistant April Kimble in 2003[10] but they remain unmarried.[9]

On March 28, 2002 Lovett was caught by a bull and rammed into a fence on his uncle's farm in Klein, Texas, before being pulled to safety. He fully recovered from a badly broken leg after six months, and began touring again in the summer of 2003.

Lovett was conferred the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters by the University of Houston on May 15, 2010 at its general commencement ceremony.[11][12] His mother was in the audience as her son was presented with an honorary doctorate from the same university from which she had received her bachelor's degree in 1960.[13] His late father was also a graduate of the University of Houston.[11]

Over the years, Lovett performed at various fundraising events for the Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture of the University of Houston.[11]


Main article: Lyle Lovett discography


Episode: One Wedding and A Funeral [Original air date: November 8, 1995]

[Original air date: July 11, 1995]

Game 4 [Original air date: October 30, 2010]

Both of Lovett's National Anthem performances were at Rangers Ballpark in Arlington.








    1. Jump up ^ Lyle Lovett Page at Allmusic – Lovett's Genre and Styles. Retrieved February 2, 2007
    2. Jump up ^ "Lyle Lovett - Musician". Visit Houston. Houston Convention & Visitors Bureau. 2012. Retrieved 2013-11-06. I was born at the Methodist Hospital in Houston, TX. 
    3. Jump up ^ "Musician Recalls Early Connection to UH". University of Houston (University website). University of Houston. 2012-09-21. Retrieved 2013-11-06. I was born at Methodist [hospital] and never lived anywhere else but Houston. 
    4. Jump up ^ "[No title]". Houstorian (Facebook page). James Glassman. 2013-11-01. Retrieved 2013-11-06. Mr. Lovett just DM'ed me that he was born in Methodist Hospital in the Medical Center. 
    5. Jump up ^ NPR Music: Lyle Lovett: 'My Baby Don't Tolerate'
    6. Jump up ^ Fretbase: Play Guitar Like Lyle Lovett
    7. Jump up ^ http://www.arts.texas.gov/initiatives/texas-state-artist/state-musician/
    8. Jump up ^ Schneider, Karen S. (April 10, 1995). "One Last Sad Song". People. Retrieved March 6, 2013. 
    9. ^ Jump up to: a b http://www.heraldscotland.com/arts-ents/music/lyle-lovett-goes-where-the-love-is.14371767?_=540d3e47795cb7cf660d17fac99e2ad4296c26ca
    10. Jump up ^ http://www.contactmusic.com/news-article/julia-roberts.-singer-ex-to-marry
    11. ^ Jump up to: a b c "Musician Recalls Early Connection to University of Houston". University of Houston. Retrieved May 16, 2010. 
    12. Jump up ^ "The University of Houston to Graduate More Than 4,500 Students". University of Houston. Retrieved May 16, 2010. 
    13. Jump up ^ "Singer and songwriter Lyle Lovett received an honorary degree during the ceremony". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved May 16, 2010. 
    14. Jump up ^ Much Ado About Nothing, Shakespeare Center of Los Angeles
    15. Jump up ^ Lyle Lovett joining Helen Hunt in cast of 'Much Ado About Nothing', Los Angeles Times, December 2, 2010

External links


Vesko Eschkenazy (749).
Oil on canvas
47 x 60 cm

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Vesko Eschkenazy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, 2014-11-25.

 (born 1970) is a Bulgarian violinist. He serves as the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra's concertmaster.[1]


Born in Bulgaria in 1970 into a family of musicians, still a child, Vesko appeared as an orchestra leader. At 11 years old he became concertmaster of the youth Philharmonic Orchestra of Prof. Vladi Simeonov. He is a graduate of the L. Pipkov National Music School in Sofia and of the P. Vladiguerov State Music Academy where he studied violin with Angelina Atanassova and Prof. Petar Hristoskov.

In 1990, Vesko Eschkenazy left Bulgaria for London and completed a two year Masters Degree for solo performers with Prof. Ifrah Neaman at the Guildhall School of Music, and received a Solo Recital Diploma – 1992. He is a laureate of the International Violin Competitions "Wieniawski", Beijing and Carl Flesch in London. He performs extensively in Europe, USA, South America, India, China and takes part in the festivals Midem in Cannes, Montpellier and Atlantic – France, the Music Festivals in Nantes and Rheims, the New Year Music Festival in Sofia, Varna Summer and Apolonia.



Vesko Eschkenazy has performed as soloist with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra, English Chamber Orchestra, Monte Carlo Philharmonic, Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Mexico City Symphony, the Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra, Prague Symphony Orchestra, National Symphony Orchestra of Ireland, Bach Chamber Orchestra – Berlin to name a few. He has taken part in concerts alongside Montserrat Caballe, Plácido Domingo, Alexis Weissenberg, Yuri Bashmet, and Mstislav Rostropovich and has played under the direction of Mariss Jansons, Bernard Haitink, Riccardo Chailly, Kurt Masur, Sir Colin Davis, Carlo-Maria Giulini, Seiji Ozawa, and Emil Tchakarov.

Since the summer of 2000 Vesko Eschkenazy has been playing a Guarneri del Gesu violin from 1738, the property of an anonymous sponsor in The Netherlands.[2]


"Vesko Eschkenazy is a brilliant violinist" – remarks the De Telegraaf in November 2000, one of the largest dailies in the Kingdom of Netherlands, after his interpretation of the Violin Concerto No. 1 by Szymanowski with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra in Amsterdam. Eschkenazy has been its concertmaster since the beginning of the 1999/2000 season.

Each concert season is extremely full of engagements for Vesko Eschkenazy; some of his most outstanding performances were that of Mozart's Violin Concerto in A Major under Mariss Jansons, and the Dvořák Violin Concerto under Sir Colin Davis and coming up in November 2008 performances of the Barber Violin Concerto conducted by Jaap van Zweden, all with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. In April–May 2009 Eschkenazy performed extensively with his brother, the conductor Martin Panteleev, with whom he performed the Dvořák Violin Concerto with Orkest van het Oosten, Mozart's A Major Concerto No. 5 with the Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra and many other woks. The two brothers accomplished a tour to Sofia and Istanbul with the Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra in the same time.

Vesko Eschkenazy records for Pentatone, his recording with the Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra of violin concertos by Mozart, Mendelssohn and Schubert received high appraisal from critics. On this occasion the Luister Magazine, Holland remarks: "Vesko Eschkenazy writes history with his new super recording for the Pentatone Classics of the violin concertos by Mozart and Mendelssohn". Michael Libovits (USA’s Classics Today), wrote: "he tackles Mozart with brilliance; Schubert with a stable phrasing … his warm, well rounded tone competes with any other recording of a famous violinist …"

In 1995 Vesko Eschkenazy joined the pianist Ludmil Angelov to perform sonata duos. They have given a large number of concerts in Europe, exceptionally successful and warmly accepted were those by the Spanish audiences (in the cities of Gijon, Toledo and Madrid). This was a project of the Vesko Eschkenazy – Ludmil Angelov Duo presenting, in four successive evening cycles, the complete Mozart sonatas for violin and piano. Their joint Russian Music CD has been released by the Gega New Music House. Their second album, "The Fascinating George Gershwin", has been released by Pentatone. In October 2007 the musicians performed a recital in a sold-out "Bulgaria Hall" in Sofia, broadcast live by Bulgarian national television.

The 2010/2011 season Vesko started with open air performance in the very centre of Sofia with the Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra gathering the largest audience for classical concert ever. In the same season he will be artist in residence in the Bulgaria Hall in Sofia with 4 recitals and performance of the Bruch Violin Concerto in G minor with the Sofia Philharmonic. The same work he will perform with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and Kurt Masur in the 2011/2012 season. His last performances with Eduard Lalo's Symphonie Espagnole with RCO in Amsterdam and in Cape Town and Sofia in 2013/2014 were memorable. His new all Bach CD with the Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra is out on Pentatone.

Competition record

  • Kocian International Violin Competition 1984
  • Wieniawski Competition (together with Maxim Vengerov) in Poland 1985
  • Beijing International Violin Competition 1986
  • Carl Flesch Competition in London 1988
  • "Musician of the year 2010" in Bulgaria.


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