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Page 3. (In Famous people part 2)    -December  -  November  2014

Yo-Yo Ma Rachel Barton Pine Mark Thompson


Yo-Yo Ma  (748)
Oil on canvas
55 x 80 cm

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Yo-Yo Ma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, 2014-11-25.


Description: Yo-Yo Ma 2013.jpg

Yo-Yo Ma in 2013

Background information


(1955-10-07) October 7, 1955 (age 59)
Paris, France




Cellist, educator



Years active

fl. ca. 1961–present


CBS, RCA, Sony Classical

Associated acts

Silk Road Ensemble



Notable instruments

Antonio Stradivari 1712 'Davydov'
Domenico Montagnana 1733

Yo-Yo Ma (born October 7, 1955) is a French and American[1] cellist. Born in Paris to Chinese parents, he spent his schooling years in New York City and was a child prodigy, performing from the age of five. He graduated from Juilliard School and Harvard University and has enjoyed a prolific career as both a soloist performing with orchestras around the world and a recording artist. His 75 albums have received fifteen Grammy Awards.



In addition to recordings of the standard classical repertoire, he has recorded a wide variety of folk music such as American bluegrass music, traditional Chinese melodies, the tangos of Argentinian composer Ástor Piazzolla and Brazilian music and collaborated with Grammy Award-winning jazz/reggae singer Bobby McFerrin. During their controversial tour of 2005-6, Ma backed them playing cello as sideman for the Dixie Chicks, assisting in the string arrangements for the band.

Ma's primary performance instrument is a Montagnana cello built in 1733 valued at US$2.5 million.

He was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 2001,[2] Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2011, and the Polar Music Prize in 2012.[3]

Early life and studies

Yo-Yo Ma was born in Paris on October 7, 1955, to Chinese parents and had a musical upbringing. His mother, Marina Lu, was a singer, and his father, Hiao-Tsiun Ma, was a violinist and professor of music at Nanjing National Central University (predecessor of the present-day Nanjing University). The family moved to New York when he was five years old.

At a young age, Ma began studying violin, and later viola, before settling on the cello in 1960 at age four. According to Yo-Yo Ma, his first choice was the double bass due to its large size, but he compromised and took up cello instead. The child prodigy began performing before audiences at age five and performed for Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy when he was seven.[4][5] At age eight, he appeared on American television with his sister, Yeou-Cheng Ma, in a concert conducted by Leonard Bernstein. Ma attended Trinity School in New York but transferred to the Professional Children's School, from which he graduated at fifteen years of age.[6] He appeared as a soloist with the Harvard Radcliffe Orchestra in a performance of the Tchaikovsky Rococo Variations.

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a4/Branch_Out.JPG/220px-Branch_Out.JPG

A painting featuring Yo-Yo Ma in Currier House, his residence at Harvard University

Ma studied at The Juilliard School at age nineteen with Leonard Rose and attended Columbia University but dropped out. He enrolled at Harvard University later on. Prior to entering Harvard, Ma played in the Marlboro Festival Orchestra under the direction of nonagenarian cellist and conductor Pablo Casals. Ma would ultimately spend four summers at the Marlboro Music Festival after meeting and falling in love with Mount Holyoke College sophomore and festival administrator Jill Hornor his first summer there in 1972.[7]

However, even before that time, Ma had steadily gained fame and had performed with many of the world's major orchestras. His recordings and performances of Johann Sebastian Bach's Cello Suites recorded in 1983 and again in 1994–1997 are particularly acclaimed.[citation needed] He has also played chamber music, often with the pianist Emanuel Ax, with whom he has a close friendship back from their days together at the Juilliard School of Music in New York.

Ma received his bachelor's degree from Harvard in 1976.[8] In 1991, he received an honorary doctorate from Harvard.[9]


Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cd/Yo-Yo_Ma_performs_for_President_Reagan_1987.jpg/220px-Yo-Yo_Ma_performs_for_President_Reagan_1987.jpg

Ma performs at the White House for (left to right, seated) President Ronald Reagan, Crown Prince Akihito and Empress Michiko of Japan, and Nancy Reagan, October 1987

In 1997, he was featured on John Williams' soundtrack to the Hollywood film Seven Years in Tibet. In 2000, he was heard on the soundtrack of Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, and in 2003, on that of Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World. He collaborated with Williams again on the original score for the 2005 film Memoirs of a Geisha. Yo-Yo Ma has also worked with Italian composer Ennio Morricone and has recorded Morricone's compositions of the Dollars Trilogy including The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, Once Upon a Time in America, The Mission and The Untouchables. He also has over 75 albums, fifteen of which are Grammy Award winners. Ma is a recipient of the International Center in New York's Award of Excellence.

Ma was named Peace Ambassador by then-UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan in January 2006.[10] He is a founding member of the influential Chinese-American Committee of 100, which addresses the concerns of Americans of Chinese heritage.[11]

On November 3, 2009, President Obama appointed Ma to serve on the President's Committee on the Arts and Humanities.[12] His music was featured in the 2010 documentary Jews and Baseball: An American Love Story, narrated by Academy Award winner Dustin Hoffman.[13][14][15]

In 2010, Ma was named Judson and Joyce Green Creative Consultant of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. In partnership with the orchestra's music director, Riccardo Muti, Ma launched the Citizen Musician initiative.[16]

Ma currently plays with his own Silk Road Ensemble, which has the goal of bringing together musicians from diverse countries all of which are historically linked via the Silk Road, and records on the Sony Classical label. He also founded the Silk Road Connect, which involved children from middle schools such as JHS 185 in Queens, New York.[17]

Playing style

Ma has been referred to as "omnivorous" by critics and possesses an eclectic repertoire.[18] A sampling of his versatility in addition to numerous recordings of the standard classical repertoire would include his recordings of Baroque pieces using period instruments; American bluegrass music; traditional Chinese melodies including the soundtrack to the film Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon; the tangos of Argentinian composer Ástor Piazzolla; Brazilian Music, in recording traditional songs and songs composed by Antonio Carlos Jobim and Pixinguinha; a collaboration with Bobby McFerrin (where Ma admitted to being terrified of the improvisation McFerrin pushed him toward); as well as the music of modern minimalist Philip Glass in such works as the 2002 piece Naqoyqatsi.

He is known for his smooth, rich tone as well as his virtuosity,[citation needed] including a cello recording of Niccolò Paganini's 24th Caprice for solo violin and Zoltán Kodály's solo sonata.


Ma's primary performance instrument is the cello nicknamed "Petunia", built by Domenico Montagnana in 1733. It was named this by a female student who approached him after one of his classes in Salt Lake City asking if he had a nickname for his cello. He said, "No, but if I play for you, will you name it?" She chose Petunia, and it stuck.[19] This cello, more than 280 years old and valued at US$2.5 million, was lost in the fall of 1999 when Ma accidentally left the instrument in a taxicab in New York City.[20] It was later recovered undamaged.

Another of Ma's cellos, the Davidov Stradivarius, was previously owned by Jacqueline du Pré, who passed it to him upon her death. Though Du Pré previously voiced her frustration with the "unpredictability" of this cello, Yo-Yo Ma attributed the comment to du Pré's impassioned style of playing, adding that the Stradivarius cello must be "coaxed" by the player.[21] It was until recently set up in a Baroque manner, since Ma exclusively played Baroque music on it. He also owns a modern cello made by Peter and Wendela Moes of Peissenberg, Germany, and one of carbon fiber by the Luis and Clark company of Boston.[22]

Notable live performances

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f9/Yoyoma_rice.jpg/220px-Yoyoma_rice.jpg

Ma with Condoleezza Rice after performing a duet at the presentation of the 2001 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal Awards.

On July 5, 1986, Ma performed on the New York Philharmonic's tribute to the 100th anniversary of the Statue of Liberty, which was televised live on ABC Television.[23] The orchestra, conducted by Zubin Mehta, performed in Central Park.

Ma performed a duet with Condoleezza Rice at the presentation of the 2001 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal Awards. Ma was the first performer on September 11, 2002, at the site of the World Trade Center, while the first of the names of the dead were read in remembrance on the first anniversary of the attack on the WTC. He played the Sarabande from Bach's Suite in C minor (#5). He performed a special arrangement of Sting's "Fragile" with Sting and the Mormon Tabernacle Choir during the opening ceremonies of the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah. Ma has also appeared as a Pennington Great Performers series artist with the Baton Rouge Symphony Orchestra in 2005.

He performed John Williams's "Air and Simple Gifts" at the inauguration ceremony for Barack Obama on January 20, 2009, along with Itzhak Perlman (violin), Gabriela Montero (piano) and Anthony McGill (clarinet). While the quartet did play live, the music played simultaneously over speakers, and on television, was a recording made two days prior due to concerns over the cold weather damaging the instruments. Ma was quoted as saying, "A broken string was not an option. It was wicked cold."[24]

On May 3, 2009, Ma performed the world premiere of Bruce Adolphe's "Self Comes to Mind" for solo cello and two percussionists with John Ferrari and Ayano Kataoka at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. The work is based on a poetic description written for the composer of the evolution of brain into mind by neuroscientist Antonio Damasio and featured, at the premiere, a film of brain scans provided by Hanna Damasio and other images, coordinated with the music during the performance.

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cc/Yo-Yo_Ma_-_World_Economic_Forum_Annual_Meeting_Davos_2008.jpg/240px-Yo-Yo_Ma_-_World_Economic_Forum_Annual_Meeting_Davos_2008.jpg

Ma appearing at the World Economic Forum's annual meeting in 2008.

On August 29, 2009, Ma performed at the funeral mass for Senator Edward M. Kennedy. Pieces he performed included the Sarabande movement from Bach's Cello Suite No. 6, and Franck's Panis Angelicus with Plácido Domingo.[25]

On October 3, 2009, Ma appeared alongside Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper at the National Arts Centre gala in Ottawa. Harper, a fan of The Beatles, played the piano and sang a rendition of "With A Little Help From My Friends" while Ma accompanied him on his cello. On October 16, 2011, Ma performed at the memorial for Steve Jobs held in Stanford University's Memorial Church.[26]

In 2011, Ma performed with American dancer Charles "Lil Buck" Riley in the United States and in China at the U.S.-China Forum on the Arts and Culture.[27]

On April 18, 2013, Ma performed at an interfaith service to honor the victims of the Boston Marathon bombings, held at the Cathedral of the Holy Cross. He played the Sarabande from Bach's Cello Suite No. 5 in C Minor. Also, he and other musicians accompanied members of the Boston Children's Chorus in a hymn.[28]

Media appearances

Ma has appeared in an episode of the animated children's television series Arthur, as well as on The West Wing (episode "Noël", in which he performed the prelude to Bach's Cello Suite No.1 at a Congressional Christmas party), Sesame Street and Mister Rogers' Neighborhood. In The Simpsons episode "Missionary: Impossible", Ma (voiced by Hank Azaria) runs after Homer Simpson along with many other frequent guests of PBS.

He also starred in the visual accompaniment to his recordings of Bach's Six Suites for Unaccompanied Cello.

Ma was often invited to press events by Apple Inc. and Pixar CEO Steve Jobs and has performed on stage during event keynote presentations, as well as appearing in a commercial for the Macintosh computer. Ma's Bach recordings were used in a memorial video released by Apple on the first anniversary of Jobs's death.[29]

Ma was a guest on the "Not My Job" segment of Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! on April 7, 2007, where he won for listener Thad Moore.[30]

On October 27, 2008, Ma appeared as a guest and performer on The Colbert Report.[31] He was also one of the show's guests on November 1, 2011, where he performed songs from The Goat Rodeo Sessions with fellow musicians Stuart Duncan, Edgar Meyer and Chris Thile.[32]

Name and genealogy

According to research done by Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr. for the PBS series Faces of America, a relative had hidden the Ma family genealogy in his home in China to save it from destruction during the Cultural Revolution. Ma's paternal ancestry can be traced back eighteen generations to the year 1217. This genealogy had been compiled in the 18th century by an ancestor, tracing everyone with the surname Ma, through the paternal line, back to one common ancestor in the 3rd century BC. Ma's generation name, Yo, had been decided by his fourth great grand-uncle, Ma Ji Cang, in 1755.[33][34]

Personal life

Ma married his long-time girlfriend Jill Hornor, a German-language instructor, in 1978. He proposed outside her apartment. They have two children, Nicholas and Emily, and reside in Cambridge, Massachusetts.[35] Ma's elder sister, Yeou-Cheng Ma, who was also born in Paris, is a violinist married to Michael Dadap, a New York-based guitarist from the Philippines.[36]


Further information: Yo-Yo Ma discography

Ma's albums include recordings of cello concertos (including, among others, Shostakovich, Brahms, Elgar and Haydn), sonatas for cello and piano, Bach's cello suites, and a variety of chamber music. He also recorded in non-classical styles, notably his album with Bobby McFerrin.

Awards and recognitions


Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance:

Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance:

Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist Performance:

  • 1985 Bach: The Unaccompanied Cello Suites (CBS 37867)

Grammy Award for Best Classical Contemporary Composition:

Grammy Award for Best Classical Album:

  • 1998 Yo-Yo Ma Premieres – Danielpour, Kirchner, Rouse (Sony Classical 66299)

Grammy Award for Best Classical Crossover Album:

Grammy Award for Best Folk Album:



See also



    1. Jump up ^ Hatch, Robert; Hatch, William (2005). The Hero Project. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 82. ISBN 0-07-144904-3. Retrieved September 8, 2007. 
    2. ^ Jump up to: a b National Medal of Arts, National Endowment for the Arts.
    3. Jump up ^ Presidential Medal of Freedom. Presidential Medal of Freedom.
    4. Jump up ^ Salzman, Mark (2001). Classic Yo-Yo (Media notes). Yo-Yo Ma. Sony. 089667. 
    5. Jump up ^ "1". Faces of America. Season 1. Episode 1. February 10, 2010. PBS.
    6. Jump up ^ Whiting, Jim "Yo-Yo Ma: A Biography" p.39
    7. Jump up ^ Weatherly, Myra (2007). Yo-Yo Ma: Internationally Acclaimed Cellist. Minneapolis, MN: Compass Point Books. pp. 49–50. ISBN 0-7565-1879-2. 
    8. Jump up ^ "Yo Yo Ma named U.N. peace ambassador". USA Today. Associated Press. January 14, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2007. 
    9. Jump up ^ "Yo-Yo Ma". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 8, 2007. 
    10. Jump up ^ "Yo-Yo Ma becomes UN peace ambassador". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. January 14, 2006. Retrieved February 12, 2007. [dead link]
    11. Jump up ^ http://committee100.org/mission-history/
    12. Jump up ^ "President Obama appoints Yo-Yo Ma to the Presidents Committee on the Arts and Humanities". The White House. Retrieved December 8, 2009. 
    13. Jump up ^ Turan, Kenneth (November 19, 2010). "Movie review: 'Jews and Baseball: An American Love Story'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 12, 2010. 
    14. Jump up ^ "Film". Jewsandbaseball.com. Retrieved December 12, 2010. 
    15. Jump up ^ Barancik, Scott (July 7, 2010). "New film explores our love affair with baseball". Jewish Baseball News. Retrieved December 12, 2010. 
    16. Jump up ^ http://cso.org/Institute/CitizenMusician.aspx/
    17. Jump up ^ "Silk Road Connect". The Silk Road Project. Retrieved March 22, 2013. 
    18. Jump up ^ Pincus, Andrew L. (June 20, 2002). "Yo-Yo Ma: Exploring culture with passion and involvement". Berkshires Week. Retrieved January 15, 2007. 
    19. Jump up ^ Tyrangiel, Josh (March 27, 2005). "10 Questions for Yo-Yo Ma". Time. Retrieved March 15, 2011. 
    20. Jump up ^ Finkelstein, Katherine E. (October 17, 1999). "In Concert, Searchers Retrieve Yo-Yo Ma's Lost Stradivarius [sic]". New York Times. Retrieved January 15, 2007. 
    21. Jump up ^ Wilson, Elizabeth (1999). Jacqueline Du Pré: Her Life, Her Music, Her Legend. Arcade Publishing. pp. 286–287. ISBN 978-1559704908. : "Jackie’s unbridled dark qualities went against the Davydov. You have to coax the instrument. The more you attack it, the less it returns."
    22. Jump up ^ "Testimonials". Luis and Clark. Archived from the original on November 29, 2006. Retrieved January 15, 2007. 
    23. Jump up ^ "Liberty Receives Classical Salute, Sun Sentinel, July 5, 1986". 
    24. Jump up ^ – Quartet pre-recorded Obama music. BBC News (January 23, 2009). Retrieved on July 1, 2011.
    25. Jump up ^ Kennedy Funeral Includes Family, Music, President. Thebostonchannel.com (August 28, 2009). Retrieved on July 1, 2011.
    26. Jump up ^ Vascellaro, Jessica E. (October 17, 2011). "Steve Jobs's Family Gave Moving Words at Sunday Memorial". The Wall Street Journal. 
    27. Jump up ^ Chin, Josh (November 21, 2011). "Yo Yo Ma and Lil’ Buck Perform ‘The Swan’ in Beijing". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 26, 2012. 
    28. Jump up ^ Wise, Brian (April 18, 2013). "Watch: Cellist Yo-Yo Ma Performs at Boston Memorial Service". WQXR. Retrieved April 18, 2013. 
    29. Jump up ^ Apple’s Tribute To Steve Jobs, Yo-Yo Ma, And The Prelude From Bach
    30. Jump up ^ Not My Job: Yo-Yo Ma. NPR (April 7, 2007). Retrieved on July 1, 2011.
    31. Jump up ^ Colbert Report. Comedycentral.com (June 27, 2011). Retrieved on July 1, 2011.
    32. Jump up ^ Colbert Report. colbertnation.com (November 1, 2011). Retrieved on November 2, 2011.
    33. Jump up ^ "Faces of America: Yo-Yo Ma", PBS, Faces of America series, with Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., 2010.
    34. Jump up ^ The Mystery of Yo-Yo Ma's Name, Henry Louis Gates, Jr. The Daily Beast, February 9, 2010
    35. Jump up ^ Bell, Bill (March 29, 1998), Suite Sounds Of Yo-yo Ma, The New York Daily News, retrieved January 23, 2012 
    36. Jump up ^ "Children's Orchestra Society – Administration". Retrieved September 29, 2009. 
    37. Jump up ^ Watch Live: President Obama Honors Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients | The White House. Whitehouse.gov. Retrieved on July 1, 2011.
    38. Jump up ^ whitehouse.gov. whitehouse.gov. Retrieved on July 1, 2011.

External links

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Rachel Barton Pine  (747)
Oil on canvas
52 x 69 cm

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Rachel Barton Pine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Description: Rachel Barton Pine from Earthen Grave.jpg

Barton Pine performing on her 5-string Viper electric violin with heavy metal group Earthen Grave

Background information

Birth name

Rachel Elizabeth Barton


(1974-10-11) October 11, 1974 (age 40)


Chicago, Illinois, USA


Heavy metal


NPO administrator


Electric violin
Baroque violin
Viola d'amore[1]
Renaissance violin

Years active



Cedille Records

Associated acts

Trio Settecento
Earthen Grave



Rachel Barton Pine (born Rachel Elizabeth Barton, October 11, 1974) is a violinist from Chicago. She started playing at the age of 3 and a half, debuted with the Chicago Symphony at age 10 and performed at many other renowned venues as a child and teenager. Currently she tours worldwide as a soloist with prestigious orchestras, plays in a baroque chamber music group and a heavy metal band, and has an active recording career. She is married to Greg Pine, a health care consulting firm CEO and former minor league baseball pitcher.[2] They have one daughter.



Early life

Barton Pine began playing the violin after being inspired by the example of older girls playing at her church. Because she was homeschooled her entire life, her mother started to take her to a local violin teacher for lessons.[3] She debuted with the Chicago String Ensemble at age 7, and with the Chicago Symphony under the baton of Erich Leinsdorf at age 10. Her principal teachers were Roland and Almita Vamos of the Music Institute of Chicago. Home schooling allowed her to practice 8 hours a day. At age 14, she was forced by circumstances to contribute significantly to her family's expenses by taking jobs playing at weddings and in orchestras. Explaining how she managed, she says, "I put on a lot of makeup and pretended I was older than I was."[4]

She attained notable success in a number of violin competitions, for example in 1992 becoming the youngest (at age 17) and the first American gold medal winner at the Johann Sebastian Bach International Competition in Leipzig, Germany.[5] She also earned 2nd prizes in the József Szigeti Violin Competition (1992) and the International Fritz Kreisler Competition (1992), as well as awards from the Montreal International Musical Competition (1991), the Paganini Competition (1993), and the Queen Elisabeth Music Competition (1993).[6][7]

Metra accident

On January 16, 1995, Barton Pine was severely injured in a train accident in the suburb of Winnetka, where she taught violin lessons.[3][8] As she was exiting a Metra commuter train with her violin over her shoulder, the doors closed on the strap to her case, pinning her left shoulder to the train. The doors, which were controlled remotely and had no safety sensors, failed to reopen, and she was dragged 366 feet by the train before being pulled underneath and run over, severing one leg and mangling the other. Barton Pine was saved by the prompt application of tourniquets by several passengers who disembarked from the train after pulling its emergency brake handles.[3]

She sued Metra and Chicago NorthWestern Railroad for compensation for her injuries and medical expenses, eventually winning a jury verdict in her favor.[8] Metra changed its conductor safety procedures following the accident and made other changes to the trains themselves.


The esteem in which she was held by the classical music community was highlighted when the conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra organized a benefit concert and raised over $75,000 after her accident.[3] After a two-year hiatus to allow for recovery from her injuries, aided by numerous surgeries and physical therapy, Pine resumed her career.[5] Pine has appeared as a soloist with orchestras around the world under conductors such as Charles Dutoit, Zubin Mehta, Neeme Järvi, Marin Alsop, Semyon Bychkov, Plácido Domingo, and José Serebrier. She has also appeared with Daniel Barenboim, Christoph Eschenbach, and William Warfield. Her festival appearances include Marlboro, Ravinia, Montreal, Salzburg, and Salzburg's Mozartwoche at the invitation of Franz Welser-Möst.

Her musical interests extend well beyond classical to baroque, folk, Celtic, rock, and jazz. She regularly instructs at Mark O'Connor's annual summer fiddle camp, and in 2004 she released a CD in collaboration with Scottish fiddler Alasdair Fraser. A number of living composers have written works for her, including Augusta Read Thomas and Mohammed Fairouz.

Pine performs chamber music as part of Trio Settecento with David Schrader and John Mark Rozendaal, and with the Jupiter Chamber Players. In September 2009, Cedille Records released Trio Settecento's album, A German Bouquet, a selection of German baroque era works with popular pieces by Bach and Buxtehude as well as rarely heard repertoire by artists including Johann Schop, Georg Muffat, and Johann Georg Pisendel. Featuring Pine on baroque violin, Rozendaal on viola da gamba and 'cello, and Schrader on harpsichord and organ, A German Bouquet followed up the group's 2007 album An Italian Sojourn. The trio continued to explore the character and complexion of Baroque music as it developed in various regions of Europe in later albums, focusing on music from France (A French Soirée, 2011) and the British Isles (An English Fancy, 2012[9] ).

Her current principal instrument is the 1742 "ex-Soldat" violin of Guarneri del Gesu. For seventeenth- and eighteenth-century pieces, she prefers to use an unaltered 1770 instrument of Nicolò Gagliano I.[10]

Her taste in rock runs to heavy metal, with AC/DC, Anthrax, Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin, Megadeth, Metallica, Motörhead, Pantera, Slayer, and Van Halen being among her favorites.[6][11] She has met and jammed with a number of these; in 1997, she released a heavy-metal-inspired CD. In February 2009, she joined the thrash/doom metal band Earthen Grave, where she performs on a 6-string Viper electric violin. The band has shared the stage with such metal luminaries as Pentagram, Black Label Society, Mayhem, and Nachtmystium. The group released an EP, Dismal Times.[12] Doommantia.com proclaimed that Earthen Grave has "all the songwriting capabilities to make one of the best albums ever."[13] and HellrideMusic.com said "If the doom gods are with us, this band will stay around and continue to produce the kind of unique, powerful and thoughtful music contained on Dismal Times."[14] Pine credits her experience playing in a rock band with improving her emotional rapport with her audiences.[15]

Pine often brings a new twist to her coaching sessions with chamber music and youth orchestras, by incorporating orchestral versions of rock pieces into her sessions. For example, Pine offered the world premiere of her own arrangement of Metallica's "Master of Puppets" with the McHenry County Youth Symphony (Crystal Lake, IL) in November 2009.

Bill McGlaughlin called her a "musical Pac-Man" for her ability to take in and perform so many different kinds of music.[16] She has often performed at schools and on rock music radio stations in an effort to interest younger audiences in classical music.

Pine was inducted as an honorary member of Sigma Alpha Iota in 2003.[7] She performed at the music fraternity's 45th national convention during summer 2009 in Chicago.

Carl Fischer Music recently published a sheet music book of cadenzas and virtuosic encore pieces composed by Pine, as well as her arrangements of other works for violin and piano, as part of its Masters Collection. Pine became the first living composer and first woman to be so honored.[17] Pine has also edited a 4-volume collection of compositions associated with America's pioneering female solo violinist Maud Powell,[18][19] many of which she has also recorded.[20]

On July 11, 2010, Pine gave a three-part performance at Chicago's Millennium Park as part of the Great Performers of Illinois celebration. After initially performing on baroque violin with Trio Settecento, she soloed in the Tchaikovsky Violin Concerto with the Illinois Symphony Orchestra and then switched gears again to perform in black leather on her electric violin with Earthen Grave. In conjunction with the event, she received the 2010 Great Performer of Illinois award.[21][22]

In 2010, Pine participated in a tribute album titled Mister Bolin's Late Night Revival, a compilation of 17 previously unreleased tracks written by guitar legend Tommy Bolin prior to his death in 1976. The CD includes other artists such as HiFi Superstar, Doogie White, Eric Martin, Troy Luccketta, Jeff Pilson, Randy Jackson, Rex Carroll, Derek St. Holmes, Kimberley Dahme, and The 77's. A percentage of the proceeds from this project will benefit the Jackson Recovery Centers.[23]

Rachel Elizabeth Barton Foundation

Barton Pine started a foundation (rebf.org) bearing her maiden name in 2001 to promote the study and appreciation of classical music, including string music by black composers. It prepares music curricula on black composers, loans high-quality instruments to deserving young musicians, and provides grants to cover incidental expenses (such as for supplemental lessons, accompanists, sheet music, travel, competition entrance fees, instrument repair, and audition recordings) of students and young professional musicians. Another program, Global HeartStrings, is dedicated to supporting aspiring classical musicians from developing countries.[24] In this effort, Barton Pine has been aided by a younger sister, Hannah Barton, also a violinist.[25]

In 2006, after being nominated by Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley, Barton Pine received the Studs Terkel Humanities Service Award for her work through the foundation.[26] She has also been given the 2012 Karl Haas Prize for Music Education for this work and her other education-related efforts.[27]



    1. Jump up ^ Pine, Rachel Barton (2010-05-05). "A Violin Virtuoso Falls in Love with the Humble Viola d'Amore". Strings Magazine web site. String Letter Publishing, Inc. Retrieved 2010-05-09. 
    2. Jump up ^ Schmelz, L. M. (2010-11-10). "The baton is up for Lake Geneva Symphony". Walworth County Today. Retrieved 2012-03-26. 
    3. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Plummer, William; Breu, Giovanna (1995-07-24). "A Violinist's Brave Encore". People Magazine 44 (4). Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
    4. Jump up ^ "Rachel Barton Pine". ViolinStudent.Com biographies. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
    5. ^ Jump up to: a b Rosenberg, D. (2012-10-13). "Violinist Rachel Barton Pine, indomitable in face of injury, savors classical and heavy-metal journeys". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
    6. ^ Jump up to: a b Pine, Rachel Barton. "Rachel's Story". http://classical.rachelbartonpine.com. Retrieved 2009-02-11. 
    7. ^ Jump up to: a b Pine, Rachel Barton. "Awards and Honors". http://classical.rachelbartonpine.com. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
    8. ^ Jump up to: a b Valente, Judy (2008-09-26). "Violinist Rachel Barton Pine". Religion and Ethics Newsweekly. PBS. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
    9. ^ Jump up to: a b Puccio, J. J. (2012-10-30). "An English Fancy (CD review)". Classical Candor blog. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
    10. Jump up ^ Pine, Rachel Barton. "My Violins". http://classical.rachelbartonpine.com. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
    11. Jump up ^ Newgren, A.; Fein, A. (2011-08-08). "Rachel Barton Pine. Violin Soloist. Head Banger.". Chamber Musician Today. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
    12. ^ Jump up to: a b "Liner Notes for Earthen Grave: Dismal Times". RBP discography. 
    13. Jump up ^ Barnard, Ed (2009-11-17). "Review of Dismal Times". Doommantia.Com. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
    14. Jump up ^ Ballue, Mike (2009-10-31). "Review of Dismal Times". HellrideMusic.Com. Retrieved 2010-05-29. [dead link]
    15. Jump up ^ "Violin Superstar Rachel Barton Pine Introduces Metalheads to Mozart". International Musician. American Federation of Musicians. April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-16. 
    16. Jump up ^ McGlaughlin, Bill (2005-04-17). "Gem of Chicago: Rachel Barton Pine, violin; Matthew Hagle, piano". Saint Paul Sunday. American Public Media. Retrieved 2007-09-29. 
    17. Jump up ^ "Carl Fischer Music Publishes The Rachel Barton Pine Collection of Original Compositions, Arrangements, Cadenzas and Editions". Carl Fischer Music press release. Carl Fischer Music. December 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
    18. Jump up ^ "Maud Powell Favorites". Maud Powell Society web site. The Maud Powell Society for Women in Music. 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
    19. Jump up ^ Niles, Laurie (2010-05-10). "Rachel Barton Pine's Maud Powell Favorites". Violinist.com blogs. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
    20. ^ Jump up to: a b Shaffer, Karen A. "Liner Notes Essay for American Virtuosa: Tribute to Maud Powell". RBP discography. 
    21. Jump up ^ "World Renowned Chicago Violin Virtuoso Rachel Barton Pine Headlines Free Concert in Millennium Park During Great Performers of Illinois". Explore Chicago web site. Retrieved 2010-06-20. 
    22. Jump up ^ Kalsnes, Lynette (2010-07-08). "Famous Classical Violinist's Side Project Full of 'Doom'". WBEZ91.5 City Room. Retrieved 2010-07-08. 
    23. Jump up ^ Mister Bolin's Late Night Revival, 2010
    24. Jump up ^ Pine, Rachel Barton (2007-10-10). "Episode 14: Rachel and her sister Hannah Barton talk about the R.E.B. Foundation's newest initiative, Global Heartstrings". Rachel Barton Pine's podcast. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
    25. Jump up ^ "Hannah Barton: Violin, Viola, Viper". Hannah Barton's web site. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
    26. Jump up ^ "Studs Terkel Humanities Service Award for Rachel Barton Pine". The Studs Terkel Humanities Service Award - 2006 web site. Illinois Humanities Council. 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
    27. Jump up ^ "Haas Award Goes to Rachel Barton Pine". Missouri Southern State University web site. 2012-11-26. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
    28. Jump up ^ Ollo, Fernando Perez. "Liner Notes Essay for Homage to Pablo de Sarasate". RBP discography. 
    29. Jump up ^ Rozendaal, John Mark. "Liner Notes Essay for George Frideric Handel: The Sonatas for Violin & Continuo". RBP discography. 
    30. Jump up ^ Howard, Leslie. "Liner Notes Essay for Liszt: Works for Violin and Piano". RBP discography. 
    31. Jump up ^ Clague, Mark. "Liner Notes Essay for Violin Concertos by Black Composers of the 18th and 19th Centuries". RBP discography. 
    32. Jump up ^ Pine, Greg. "Liner Notes Essay for Stringendo: Storming the Citadel". RBP discography. 
    33. Jump up ^ Sullivan, Todd E. "Liner Notes Essay for Instrument of the Devil". RBP discography. 
    34. Jump up ^ Sullivan, Todd E. "Liner Notes Essay for Double Play: Twentieth Century Duos for Violin and Cello". RBP discography. 
    35. Jump up ^ Pine, Rachel Barton. "Liner Notes Essay for Brahms and Joachim Violin Concertos". RBP discography. 
    36. Jump up ^ "Liner Notes for Introduction, Theme, and Variations on "God Defend New Zealand"". RBP discography. 
    37. Jump up ^ Pine, Rachel Barton. "Liner Notes Essay for Solo Baroque". RBP discography. 
    38. Jump up ^ Pine, Rachel Barton. "Liner Notes Essay for Scottish Fantasies for Violin and Orchestra". RBP discography. 
    39. Jump up ^ "Pianist Matthew Hagle Bio". RBP industry web site. Retrieved 2012-03-22. 
    40. Jump up ^ Rozendaal, John Mark. "Liner Notes Essay for Trio Settecento: An Italian Sojourn". RBP discography. 
    41. Jump up ^ Brown, Clive. "Liner Notes Essay for Beethoven & Clement Violin Concertos". RBP discography. 
    42. Jump up ^ Rozendaal, John Mark. "Liner Notes Essay for Trio Settecento: A German Bouquet". RBP discography. 
    43. Jump up ^ Serebrier, José. "Liner Notes Essay for Glazunov: Complete Concertos". RBP discography. 
    44. Jump up ^ Barilari, Elbio. "Liner Notes Essay for Capricho Latino". RBP discography. 
    45. Jump up ^ Rozendaal, John Mark. "Liner Notes Essay for A French Soirée". 
    46. Jump up ^ "Xavier Montsalvatge, NDR Radiophilharmonie Hannover, Celso Antunes – Canciones und Conciertos". Hänssler Classic web site. 
    47. Jump up ^ "Earthen Grave's New CD and 4/22 Chicago Show ...". Doommantia.Com. 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
    48. Jump up ^ "Earthen Grave Signs With Ripple Music, Re-Releasing Self-Titled Album". Metalunderground.com. 2013-03-14. Retrieved 2013-09-27. 
    49. Jump up ^ Rozendaal, John Mark. "Liner Notes Essay for An English Fancy". 
    50. Jump up ^ Blevins, Pamela. "The Berceuse (Liner Notes Essay for Violin Lullabies)". 
    51. Jump up ^ "Lullabies in the Key of Violin, from Rachel Barton Pine". Album of the Week. WQXR-FM. 2013-04-14. Retrieved 2013-04-21. 
    52. Jump up ^ Vernier, David (May 2013). "A Charm of Lullabies". ClassicsToday.com. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
    53. Jump up ^ Barton Pine, Rachel. "Liner Notes Essay for Mendelssohn & Schumann Violin Concertos, Beethoven Romances". 
    54. Jump up ^ Nockin, M. (2013-09-26). "Rachel Barton Pine Discusses Her Interpretations of the Mendelssohn and Schumann Concertos". Fanfare Magazine. Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
    55. Jump up ^ "Reviews for Grand Tour". Naxos album reviews. 2014-02. Retrieved 2014-05-19.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links


Mark Thompson (746).
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Mark Thompson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Description: Mark Thompson.jpg

Mark Thompson at the Monaco Media Forum in 2008

CEO New York Times Company


Assumed office
November 2012

Preceded by

Janet L. Robinson

14th Director-General of the BBC

In office
22 June 2004 – 17 September 2012


Mark Byford

Preceded by

Mark Byford (acting)

Succeeded by

George Entwistle

Personal details


Mark John Thompson
(1957-07-31) 31 July 1957 (age 57)
London, England




Jane Blumberg

Alma mater

Merton College, Oxford


Roman Catholic


Mark John Thompson[1] (born 31 July 1957)[2] is a British media executive and current CEO of the New York Times Company. A former chief executive of Channel 4, he is best known as Director-General of the BBC from 2004 to 2012.



Early life

Thompson was born in London and brought up in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire,[3] by his mother, Sydney Corduff, his sister, Katherine, and father, Duncan John Thompson. He was educated by Jesuits at the independent school Stonyhurst College, and from there went up to Merton College, Oxford, where he took a first in English.[2] He edited the university magazine Isis.[4]


Appointment as Director-General

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7f/Mark_Thompson%2C_BBC%2C_2005.jpg/220px-Mark_Thompson%2C_BBC%2C_2005.jpg

Thompson in April 2005.

Thompson was appointed Director-General on 21 May 2004.[5] He succeeded Greg Dyke, who resigned on 29 January 2004 in the aftermath of the Hutton Inquiry. Although he had originally stated he was not interested in the role of Director-General and would turn down any approach from the BBC, he changed his mind, saying the job was a "one-of-a-kind opportunity". The decision to appoint Thompson Director-General was made unanimously by the BBC Board of Governors, headed by the then new Chairman Michael Grade (another former chief executive of Channel 4). His appointment was widely praised: Culture Secretary Tessa Jowell, Shadow Culture Secretary Julie Kirkbride and Greg Dyke were amongst those who supported his selection. He took up the role of Director-General on 22 June 2004[5] (Mark Byford had been Acting Director-General since Dyke's resignation). On his first day he announced several management changes, including the replacement of the BBC's sixteen-person executive committee with a slimmed-down executive board of nine top managers.

Editorial guideline breaches

In 2007 it emerged that the BBC had been involved in a number of editorial guideline breaches. Mark Thompson, as BBC editor-in-chief investigated these breaches, and presented his interim report to the BBC Trust on 18 July 2007.[6] The Trust felt that the BBC’s values of accuracy and honesty had been compromised, and Thompson outlined to the Trust the actions he would take to restore confidence.

Later that day he told BBC staff, via an internal televised message,[7] that deception of the public was never acceptable. He said that he, himself, had never deceived the public – it would never have occurred to him to do so, and that he was sure that the same applied to the "overwhelming majority" of BBC staff. He also spoke on BBC News 24[8] and was interviewed by Gavin Esler for Newsnight. He stated that "from now on, if it [deceiving the public] happens we will show people the door."[9] Staff were emailed on 19 July 2007[10] and later in the year all staff, including the Director-General, undertook a Safeguarding Trust course.[11]

In October 2008, Thompson had to cut short a family holiday to return to Britain to deal with The Russell Brand Show prank telephone calls row. Thompson took the executive decision to suspend the BBC’s highest paid presenter, Jonathan Ross, from all his BBC work for three months without pay. He also said it was the controversial star's last warning.[12] Nevertheless, Thompson reiterated the BBC's commitment to Ross's style of edgy comedy, claiming that "BBC audiences accept that, in comedy, performers attempt to push the line of taste".[13] Thompson had previously defended the star’s conduct and salary in 2006, when he described Ross as “outstanding” and claimed that "the very best people" deserved appropriately high salaries.[14]

In September 2010 Thompson acknowledged some of the BBC's previous political bias he had witnessed early in his career. He stated: "In the BBC I joined 30 years ago there was, in much of current affairs, in terms of people's personal politics, which were quite vocal, a massive bias to the left". He added: "the organisation did struggle then with impartiality",[15] though also suggested that there was now "much less overt tribalism".[16]

In 2010, Thompson was identified as the highest paid employee of any public sector organisation in the UK, earning between £800,000 and £900,000 per year.[17]


Description: Unbalanced scales.svg

This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutral point of view of the subject. Please integrate the section's contents into the article as a whole, or rewrite the material. (August 2012)

Programme production

In late 2007, Thompson's directorship at the BBC was criticised. Sir Richard Eyre, former artistic director of the National Theatre, accused the BBC under Thompson's leadership of failing to produce programmes 'that inspired viewers to visit galleries, museums or theatres'.[18] He was also criticised by Tony Palmer, a multi-award winning filmmaker. Of the BBC, Palmer stated that "[it] has a worldwide reputation which it has abrogated and that's shameful. In the end, the buck stops with Mark Thompson. He is a catastrophe."[19]

Jerry Springer: The Opera

He was criticised by religious groups in relation to the broadcast of Jerry Springer: The Opera, with a private prosecution brought against the BBC for blasphemy. David Pannick QC appeared and won the case. The High Court ruled that the cult musical was not blasphemous, and Pannick stated that Judge Tubbs had "acted within her powers and made the only decision she could lawfully have made; while religious beliefs were integral to British society, so is freedom of expression, especially to matters of social and moral importance."[20]

Accusations of Pro-Israeli editorial stance

A number of commentators have suggested that Thompson has a pro-Israeli editorial stance, particularly since he supported the controversial decision by the BBC not to broadcast the DEC Gaza appeal in January 2009.[21] Complaints to the BBC about the decision, numbering nearly 16,000, were directed to a statement by Thompson.[22] In May 2011, Thompson ordered the lyrics 'free Palestine' in a rap on BBC 1 Extra to be censored.[23] During a meeting of the British Parliament's Culture and Media Committee in June 2012, Thompson also issued an apology for not devoting more coverage to the murders of an Israeli settler family in the West Bank, saying the "network got it wrong" – despite the fact that the incident occurred on the same day as the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.[24]

Tam Dean Burn wrote in The Herald: "I would argue that this bias has moved on apace since Thompson went to Israel in 2005 and signed a deal with prime minister Ariel Sharon on the BBC's coverage of the conflict."[25]

Nick Griffin

In October 2009, Thompson defended the decision by the BBC to invite British National Party leader Nick Griffin to appear on the Question Time programme following criticism by Labour politicians including Home Secretary Alan Johnson and Secretary of State for Wales Peter Hain. The decision also led to protests outside BBC Television Centre by UAF campaigners. Thompson said: "It is a straightforward matter of fact that … the BNP has demonstrated a level of support which would normally lead to an occasional invitation to join the panel on Question Time. It is for that reason alone … that the invitation has been extended. The case against inviting the BNP to appear on Question Time is a case for censorship … Democratic societies sometimes do decide that some parties and organisations are beyond the pale. As a result they proscribe them and/or ban them from the airwaves. My point is simply that the drastic steps of proscription and censorship can only be taken by government and parliament … It is unreasonable and inconsistent to take the position that a party like the BNP is acceptable enough for the public to vote for, but not acceptable enough to appear on democratic platforms like Question Time. If there is a case for censorship, it should be debated and decided in parliament. Political censorship cannot be outsourced to the BBC or anyone else."[26]

Formula One broadcast rights

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ec/Mark_Thompson3.jpg/220px-Mark_Thompson3.jpg

Thompson in 2013

Thompson was Director General of the BBC when on 29 July 2011 it was announced that the Corporation would no longer televise all Formula One Grand Prix live, instead agreeing to split the broadcast between the BBC and Sky Sports. This prompted an outcry from several thousand fans and a motion on the UK Government e-petition site. On 2 September 2011, Thompson and several "senior BBC figures" were called upon by the House of Commons to answer questions over the exact nature of the broadcast arrangement.[27]


In January 2010, Thompson was criticised over his £834,000 salary. The BBC presenter Stephen Sackur told him "there are huge numbers of people in the organisation who think your salary is plain wrong and corrosive."[28]

Criticism by Robert Winston

In October 2012, the fertility expert Robert Winston, who presented the BAFTA award-winning series The Human Body, said: "I don't think Mark Thompson has led well from the top. It's not just my perception. Many of the scientific community feel very, very uneasy, and the news people clearly do." Winston had previously accused Mark Thompson of "cowardice" and a lack of "spine" in its leadership, over a controversial trailer which included misleading footage of the Queen.[29]

The New York Times Company

On 14 August 2012, he was named CEO of The New York Times Company, effective November 2012.[30]


In 2009 Thompson was ranked as the 65th most powerful person in the world by Forbes magazine.[31]

Broadcasting career

He first joined the BBC as a production trainee in 1979. His subsequent career within the organisation has been varied, including:

  • 1981 – assisted launching long-running consumer programme Watchdog
  • 1983 – assisted launching Breakfast Time
  • 1985 – Output Editor, Newsnight
  • 1988 – Editor, Nine O'Clock News (at the age of 30)
  • 1990 – Editor, Panorama
  • 1992 – Head of Features
  • 1994 – Head of Factual Programmes
  • 1996 – Controller, BBC Two
  • 1999 – Director, National and Regional Broadcasting
  • 2000 – became BBC Director of Television, but left the corporation in March 2002 to become Chief Executive of Channel 4.
  • 2002 – Thompson joined the board of trustees of Media Trust,[32] the UK's leading communications charity.
  • 2004 – 2012 Director General of the BBC

Personal life

Thompson is a Roman Catholic, and attends the Oratory Church of St Aloysius Gonzaga. In 2010, The Tablet named him as one of Britain’s most influential Roman Catholics.[33] Thompson lives in Oxford with his wife Jane Blumberg (daughter of Baruch Samuel Blumberg) whom he married in 1987. They have two sons and one daughter.[4]

In 2011, Thompson was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by Edge Hill University.[34]

He is a member of the Reform Club[2] and a patron of the Art Room charity in Oxford.[35]

He was a guest in the Royal Box at the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee concert in June 2012.[36]

In 2012, Thompson served as the first Humanitas Visiting Professor in Rhetoric and the Art of Public Persuasion at the University of Oxford.[37]


Specific citations:

    1. Jump up ^ "Mark Thompson, Esq Authorised Biography – Debrett’s People of Today, Mark Thompson, Esq Profile". Debretts.co.uk. 31 July 1957. Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
    2. ^ Jump up to: a b c “THOMPSON, Mark John Thompson,” in Who's Who 2009 (London: A & C Black, 2008); online ed., (Oxford: OUP, 2008), [1]. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
    3. Jump up ^ Arlidge, John (16 December 2001). "The Observer Profile". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
    4. ^ Jump up to: a b "NS Profile – Mark Thompson". New Statesman. 3 May 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2009. 
    5. ^ Jump up to: a b "BBC Press Office: Biographies – Mark Thompson". Retrieved 12 October 2007. 
    6. Jump up ^ "Minutes of Trust meeting 18 July 2007" (PDF). Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
    7. Jump up ^ "Key points: Thompson speech to staff on editorial breaches". BBC News. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
    8. Jump up ^ "News 24 interview on editorial guideline breaches (video)". BBC News. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
    9. Jump up ^ "Transcript of Newsnight interview on editorial breaches and staff honesty". Newsarchive.awardspace.com. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
    10. Jump up ^ "Email from Mark Thompson to BBC staff on integrity". BBC. 19 July 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
    11. Jump up ^ BBC to teach its stars honesty The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 March 2008
    12. Jump up ^ "Ross suspended for three months". BBC News. 30 October 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
    13. Jump up ^ Russell Brand programme, BBC Radio 2, 18 October 2008[dead link]
    14. Jump up ^ "BBC defends Ross pay and conduct". BBC News. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
    15. Jump up ^ Singh, Anita (2 September 2010). "BBC was biased against Thatcher, admits Mark Thompson". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
    16. Jump up ^ Revoir, Paul (2 September 2010). "Yes, BBC was biased: Director General Mark Thompson admits a 'massive' lean to Left". Daily Mail (London). 
    17. Jump up ^ Public Sector pay: The numbers BBC News, 20 September 2010
    18. Jump up ^ Asthana, Anushka. "The Guardian: Arts chief warns of cultural 'apartheid'". London. Retrieved 12 September 2007. 
    19. Jump up ^ Smith, David. "The Guardian: Director blasts 'BBC ignorance'". London. Retrieved 12 September 2007. 
    20. Jump up ^ Paris, Natalie (5 December 2007). "Jerry Springer play ruled not blasphemous". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
    21. Jump up ^ "Mark Thompson's Blog". 
    22. Jump up ^ "BBC and the Gaza appeal". 
    23. Jump up ^ "BBC under fire for 'censoring' Palestine lyric". 
    24. Jump up ^ "BBC apologises for minimal coverage of Fogel murders". 
    25. Jump up ^ "To my mind and, it appears, to millions of others, the BBC is increasingly biased towards Israel in this conflict, Heraldscotland staff". The Herald. Glasgow. 1 February 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
    26. Jump up ^ Booth, Robert (22 October 2009). "BBC is right to allow BNP on Question Time, says Mark Thompson". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
    27. Jump up ^ Autosport. 2 September 2011 http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/94168 |url= missing title (help). 
    28. Jump up ^ Wardrop, Murray (15 January 2010). "'Your salary is wrong and corrosive', Mark Thompson , BBC director general, told". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved 19 July 2010. 
    29. Jump up ^ Collins, Nick (30 October 2012). "Robert Winston: BBC is dumbing down science". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
    30. Jump up ^ "Mark Thompson named CEO of New York Times Co.". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
    31. Jump up ^ "The World's Most Powerful People". Forbes. 11 November 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2009. 
    32. Jump up ^ "Media Trust website". 
    33. Jump up ^ "The Tablet's Top 100". 
    34. Jump up ^ http://www.edgehill.ac.uk/news/2011/07/bbc-s-mark-thompson-receives-honorary-award/
    35. Jump up ^ "The Art Room". The Art Room. Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
    36. Jump up ^ Daily Mail 5 June 2012 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2154875/Diamond-Jubilee-Concert-Who-sat-Queen-Royal-Box.html
    37. Jump up ^ Plunkett, John (5 November 2012). "Mark Thompson (Media),Oxford University,Media,BBC,Jimmy Savile (Media),UK news,New York Times (Media)". The Guardian (London). 

Other references:

External links

Description: Portal icon

BBC portal

Media offices

Preceded by
Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr.

CEO of The New York Times Company (effective November 2012)


Preceded by
Mark Byford

Director-General of the BBC

Succeeded by
George Entwistle

Preceded by
Michael Jackson

Chief Executive of Channel 4

Succeeded by
Andy Duncan

Preceded by
Michael Jackson

Controller of BBC Two

Succeeded by
Jane Root


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